Finding the best Python framework can be tough. There are many frameworks out there for Python. The challenge is to find the best one for both beginners and experienced programmers.
Python is a well-known programming language. It is used for the web, system programming and tons of other things.
It is also the number one programming language for teaching programming to beginners. It has taken over Java as the number one language used for teaching programming to beginners.
What are the reasons behind the popularity of Python?
There are many reasons Python is popular. We have discussed few of the reasons behind Python popularity.
- Python is praised for its simplicity and its ability to be used in almost any situation.
- Python can be used for creating web applications, system programs, data manipulation and calculations and anything that you throw at it. The library is vast and offers the right set of tools to anyone willing to invest the time in learning it.
- Python is also known for the readability factor. It’s like reading natural language such as English, the change only being you can use it talk with computers.
- It also comes with a myriad of features and is an object-oriented programming language.
- Writing code for a problem is more succinct compared to writing code for the same problem in a different language altogether.
And much more.
History of Python
As always, we will discuss a lit bit of Python history. How it came into existence and what shaped the language into what it is now.
The first work of Python started in later 1980s. The father aka creator of the programming language is Guido Van Rossum. The existence was not planned by him as it only started as a hobby project and later changed into something big.
The primary aim of the creator is to make a scripting language for the C/Unix users and is a direct descendant of ABC.
The major release of Python includes Python 2.0 in 2000 and Python 3.0 in 2008. The latest version of the Python programming language is 3.5(stable).
Best Python Framework For Python Geeks
Django is one of the most popular Python-based frameworks. It is a high-level Python web framework that tries to solve the problem of web development.
The primary aim of Django is rapid development. With the help of rapid development, you create a fully-fledged programming application.
Web Development is becoming more complex day by day.
Django framework follows DRY principles to reduce work pressure and enhance agile development, The use of DRY principle makes it ready for rapid and agile development.
Django’s another advantage is its open source nature.
The next framework that we are going to discuss is Flask.
You may want to use Flask. Why? Because it is one of the finest microframework for Python. It uses extensibility as its central feature.
This makes it small and portable. Hence making it an excellent framework for creating simple apps or apps with an entirely different requirement.
You can add as many extensions as possible. The feature of the Flask framework can be extended as you add extensions to it. Nice framework with good security aspects.
Web2Py is quite a different type of Framework in the list. It uses a web-based IDE to handle development. The web-based IDE simplifies development as everything handled within the web browser.
The web framework is completely independent and offers a lot of features for creating a secure, scalable, and portable web application.
The documentation is also solid and offers a good way to get started with the framework.
CherryPy is one of the oldest frameworks for the Python programming language. In these years, it got better, but other structures offered better usability.
CherryPy non-popularity is because of the short stack. The support for different features is provided within the framework.
CherryPy also has support for multi-tier architecture and storage. But, the framework doesn’t provide a hint of how to do it.
Hence, the capacity to make it work depends on Developer. The freedom is also a part of the framework, but all at the cost of agility and rapid development.
The bottle is a web framework, like Flask. It is fast, straightforward and WSGI-compatible micro web-framework.
Working with the framework is easy as it doesn’t have any external dependencies. Moreover, it supports regular web functions such as Templates, Utilities, Routing, and Server.
The bottle offers excellent comprehensive documentation and has a large community of web developers who work on the project, regularly.
ObjectWeb is an OPP Python web framework that focuses on minimalism and pure-Python web framework. Just like Bottle and Flask, it offers pluggable components and also provides WSGI and CGI standards.
The framework comes with built-in development server to make development easy,
Falcon Framework is a great rapid development web framework that focuses on creating a web application with fast execution.
It is a minimalist, stable Python web framework. It can be used for creating app backends and cloud APIs.
The framework is based on REST architectural style and offers state transitions.
Programmers are lazy people, but for the top 1% lazy programmers, Pycnic is created. It is a JSON API based web framework that utilizes Pythonic code.
It is second best in performance compared to Flacon.
Grok is a Python web application framework that focuses on both beginners and experienced web developers.
The emphasis on the development is agile, and you can create a powerful web application quickly with the framework.
It works with the concept of building blocks.
Support and community are good, but can see improvement in future.
Pecan is a web framework inspired by the likes of TurboGears, Pylons, and CherryPy. This makes Pecan an excellent framework for the internet development purposes.
It doesn’t want to be a full-stack framework but want to offer the good stuff whereas the other modules need to be selected by the developer itself. This makes the framework lightweight, secure and extensive.
TurboGears takes its inspiration from many next generations web frameworks, such as Rails, Django and TurboGears 1.
The primary aim is to unify the different aspects of the framework mentioned above and create a web framework that simplifies the life of the web developer.
The biggest advantage of using TurboGears is the fact that it can be utilized as a microframework and also can be scaled to a full stack solution when needed.
Klein is yet another web micro-framework for Python. It can be used for developing production ready web services with the power of Python.
MorePath is a super powered Python Web Framework that focuses on flexibility and expressiveness.
It offers the concept of reusability, offers extension and also provides REST support out of the box. The framework is released in 2014 and is well received by the Python community.
I love Python and also the number of amazing frameworks. My personal favorite framework is Django, Flask, and Falcon. Other frameworks are also worth your time, and that’s why I included them in the best Python framework list.
Which framework do you use? Do you prefer speed or functionality? Let us know through the comment section below.