7 Best JavaScript Frameworks of 2015

JavaScript is one of the most popular front-end languages and today, we will go through the best JavaScript Frameworks of 2015.

The language came into existence 20 years ago and was developed by Brendan Eich.

The need to manipulate the front-end pages gave rise to JavaScript. JavaScript is also popularly known as EMCAScript and the latest EMCAScript 6[standard] is implemented by Mozilla in their latest build.

JavaScript is used mainly as a prototyping scripting language, which offers dynamic typing as a key feature.

JavaScript has seen tons of improvement from the day it came into existence. It is no more limited to just frontend workings, node.js a framework capable of doing server side manipulations easily.

Overall, JavaScript is worked upon by tons of developers on the daily basis. The result? Tons and tons of useful JavaScript frameworks and libraries.

Brief History of JavaScript

JavScript came into existence in 1995, exactly 20 years ago from now. The man behind this beautiful scripting language was Brendan Eich, and there are three major corporations which foresee the development of JavaScript all these years are NetScape, Mozilla, and ECMA International.

JavScript frameworks are developed at a rapid pace and it showed tons of promise. The introduction of node.js enabled a complete application to be developed by JavaScript.

The major implementation of JavaScript is SpiderMonkey, V8, Chakra and others.

JavaScript or Java?

Whenever I write about JavaScript, I make sure to cover the difference or similarity between JavaScript and Java. Many beginners confuse JavaScript with Java, and they are not to be blamed for such confusions. The name “Java” in “JavaScript”, can easily confuse anyone.

So, why the name was chosen? The reason is completely market-oriented. At that time, Java was a popular programming language and to ride the popularity of Java, the team chosen the name, “JavaScript”.

Why use JavaScript Frameworks?

Using JavaScript frameworks can improve the rapid development of your web application. Creating a web application in pure JavaScript can be a great learning experience, but it not viable in the real-world scenario. To make use of the shorter and faster code, frameworks are used.

Rapid development, especially rapid prototyping is possible with the help of the JavaScript framework or library. For example, Angular.js is used to power single page web apps.

Most of the frameworks use MVC principle, but there are frameworks that use other principles such as MVP, MVVM, and others.

Difference between Frameworks and Libraries

The term frameworks and libraries can be confusing for many of us. The truth is that both of the terms are used interchangeably by the developers. But, there is a subtle difference between the two terms.

Frameworks, for example, provide better control over the functioning of the web application. The web application’s features and functions are inverted through the framework rules. The rules are pre-defined and help to improve performance over different platforms. On the other hand, libraries are a bunch of collective methods which can be used by the programmers and doesn’t come under any rules or regulations.

Frameworks offer more collection of libraries into a box, which is further refined by protocols of use.

Best JavaScript Frameworks of 2015

JavaScript Frameworks

1. Angular.js

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Angular.js is the front-runner of the JavaScript frameworks, and is one of the most popular JavaScript frameworks out there.

Angular.js was released in 2009 by Google, and no one would have guessed that it will become so popular in the near future. Angular.js gives the power in the hands of the programmer and lets them build single page web apps.

The creation of single page web apps is aided by so-called directives. Directives help to add reusable code to the application and provides the necessary functionalities to add dynamic functionalities to the web application. DOM manipulation is easy, and you can easily add behavior and CSS to the HTML DOM elements.

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2. Backbone.js

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Backbone.js is minimalistic JavaScript frameworks that aim to provide the necessary backbone to a web application. The framework is open source in nature and is available under the MIT license.

Backbone.js is extremely popular framework can act as the base of a complex web project easily. It provides tools such as model building using key-value binding, tons of enumerable objects with usable API and much more.

With the core of the web application set, you can use other frameworks on top of it. The main feature of Backbone.js is its ability to be used in other big projects. The small size also helps the cause and brings the right mix of performance and functionality.

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3. React.js

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React.js is one of the most popular front-end JavaScript framework.

Why Front-end? Becuase it can easily used to create the UI part of your project. In simple words, it acts as the V in MVC. The magic is achieved by using a virtual DOM and it can also be rendered on the server side with the help of the node.js.

The front-end component can easily be made interactive with React.js and big companies such as Facebook and Instagram use it to their advantage.

With only 2 years of age, the framework is making news already and can be your UI framework for creating interactive and powerful web application.

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4. Meteor.js

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Meteor.js is the JavaScript framework that many JavaScript developers will vouch for. The framework is famous for one big reason and that is the ability to create full end-to-end web applications with it.

There is no need to use any other library or JavaScript framework and from its inception in 2012, it has gained a lot of popularity and community.

The community continuously improves the framework by contributing to the core of the application. Another reason for its success is its modular design, which enables developers and contributors to tickle through different sections of the framework.

The framework can be used to create real-time web applications with emphasis to almost all the phases of development including backend, frontend, database and business logic.

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5. Ember.js

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Ember.js is yet another popular JavaScript framework. It is mainly used to create complex web applications. It uses the MVC principle.

With 3 years of development, it uses two main mechanics to pull up things. The first being the two-way binding method that Angular.js uses. The two-way binding method makes sure that nothing goes out of sync. In short, if there is a change in the view, then the equivalent change will be reflected in the model and vice-versa.

Another module that makes Ember.js irresistible is the fastboot.js module. The fastboot.js module works similar to react.js ability to render DOM on the server side. This way, complex UI can easily be rendered on the server side, and served to the client side for fast rendering.

These two major features really brings the power to the Ember.js applications. Scalability is less of an issue, and you can easily get the most out from the framework. It is also easy to learn and there are tons of learning material available online.

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6. Polymer.js

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Polymer.js is new and is released by Google in the year 2013. The framework offers web components — the ability to create them and extend the already existing HTML web components.

In 2015, they released a stable production ready 1.0. It is not as popular as other frameworks, but surely useful for many projects out there.

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7. Aurelia.js

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With only 5 months of age, Aurelia is the new kid on the blog. With a professional team backing up the project, the framework production version is already out.

The framework takes the hints from Angular 1 or 2 and uses them to create something power we have not seen. The architectural design is also modular and offers great control over the framework.

Surely, a framework to watch out in 2015.

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Wrap Up

Today, we listed the 7 Best JavaScript frameworks. These frameworks offer both functionality and agility. Each of the frameworks has their own place in the industry and it depends on the project requirements. There is a lot of add to each of these frameworks, but I will cut it short and let you decide for yourself the framework best for your project.

Do you think, I missed something? Comment below and let us know!

  • Antonios

    How about RiotJS 2.0. I don’t know but it seems to me as its has a more”clean” code approach than ReactJS.

    • Hey, Antonious. I haven’t really tried RiotJS. So, I really cannot comment on the clean code approach. I will probably cover it in the future. 🙂

      Keep Visiting TechAltair.

  • Angel

    What about Kendo UI by Telerik ?

  • Rafael Turang

    which is the BEST one ?

    • There is no best JavaScript framework. It all depends on your requirements and what you want from the framework.

  • Guy Provost

    Man this site is so full of publicity popups that it loses credibility on helping someone make a difficult choice!

    • Thank you for the feedback. I have adjusted many aspects of advertising so that it doesn’t interface with user experience. Keep visiting, TechAltair.

  • Hassan

    which good framework for huge apps ??

    • What do you mean by huge apps? Did you mean scalable apps? If so, then any framework that supports cloud or inbuilt scalable options can be your best bet.

  • rahul

    Can you give with an example like – for which type of requirements which framework suites?